The Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), an agency of the Department of Justice, oversees three components which adjudicate matters involving immigration law at both the trial and appellate level. Under the Office of the Chief Immigration Judge, more than 200 Immigration Judges located in 53 Immigration Courts nationwide conduct proceedings and decide individual cases. The agency includes the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA), which hears appeals of Immigration Judge decisions, and the Office of the Chief Administrative Hearing Officer, which handles employment‑related immigration matters.
This section is a general summary of the most frequently requested forms of relief that are available to an alien who has been found to be removable. These descriptions are not fully inclusive and do not encompass the many regulatory and court interpretations that determine actual applicability of relief in an individual case. Also, the descriptions that follow are subject to change since Congress may legislate new laws. Accordingly, the following summaries are intended only to assist the public’s general understanding of the types of relief from removal, and interested parties should thus refer to controlling law and regulations for a precise and complete understanding of the topics presented.